By leveraging an integrated and extensive genomics and transcriptomics discovery and development engine, together with a pipeline of multiple, clinical-stage, immuno-oncology programs that include a Phase 2 trial for a rare form of melanoma and the planned initiation of a clinical trial of NK cells targeted to breast cancer, we believe NantKwest is uniquely positioned to be the premier immunotherapy company and transform medicine by delivering living drugs in a bag and bringing novel NK cell-based therapies to routine clinical care. For more information please visit .
The balance between effective defense and self-tolerance is important to the functioning of NK cells. It is thought that NK cell self-tolerance is regulated by the educational process of receptor expression described above, although the exact mechanism is not known.  The “at least one” hypothesis is an attractive, though not yet fully substantiated, hypothesis that tries to explain the way in which self-tolerance is regulated in the education process. This hypothesis posits that the NK cell repertoire is regulated so that at least one inhibitory receptor (either of the IgSF or CTLR superfamily) is present on every NK cell, which would ensure self-tolerance.  Effective defense requires an opposing pattern of receptor expression. The co-expression of many MHC-specific receptors by NK cells is disfavored, likely because cells that co-express receptors are less able to attack virally infected or transformed cells that have down-regulated or lost one MHC molecule compared to NK cells that co-express receptors to a lesser degree.  Minimization of co-expression, therefore, is important for mounting an effective defense by maximizing the sensitivity of response.