Cervical interlaminar epidural steroid injection cpt code

When flexion occurs without a lateral or rotatory component at the upper cervical level, it can cause an anterior dislocation at the atlantoaxial joint if the transverse ligament is disrupted. Because this joint is near the skull, shearing forces also play a part in the mechanism causing this injury, as the skull grinds the C1-C2 complex in flexion. Since the transverse ligament is the main stabilizing force of the atlantoaxial joint, this injury is unstable. Neurologic injury may occur from cord compression between the odontoid and posterior arch of C1.

In many cases, vertebral fractures can be treated through conservative methods such as bed rest, a back brace or pain medication. However, patients with osteoporosis or whose fractures have caused severe, long-term pain may benefit from a minimally invasive procedure such as vertebroplasty to relieve symptoms. This procedure is also recommended for patients who are too weak to undergo spinal surgery, or have a malignant tumor within the spine that has caused vertebral damage. Vertebroplasty is most effective when performed on fractures that are less than six months old.

He has over 650 peer reviewed and 195 non-peer reviewed publications.  He has published over 300 book chapters and is the editor of over 54 textbooks and co-editor of OKU-Spine I and editor of OKU-8.  Dr. Vaccaro also serves as Co-Director of the Regional Spinal Cord Injury Center of the Delaware Valley and  Co-Director of Spine Surgery and the Spine Fellowship program at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, where he instructs current fellows and residents in the diagnosis and treatment of various spinal problems and disorders.

Comprised of cortisone and a local anesthetic or saline solution, ESIs work by reducing inflammation and flushing out particles that cause swelling and pain. Medication is delivered directly to the source of the pain rather than dispersing it throughout the body, as oral painkillers and steroids do. They are injected into the epidural space, the area between the dura (a membrane covering the brain and spinal cord) and the actual cord itself. Intralaminar ESIs require inserting the needle between the lamina, a small section of bone that covers the spinal cord, of two vertebrae. The medication enters the epidural space in the midline and from there is able to reach the nerve roots on either side of the spine.

Cervical interlaminar epidural steroid injection cpt code

cervical interlaminar epidural steroid injection cpt code

Comprised of cortisone and a local anesthetic or saline solution, ESIs work by reducing inflammation and flushing out particles that cause swelling and pain. Medication is delivered directly to the source of the pain rather than dispersing it throughout the body, as oral painkillers and steroids do. They are injected into the epidural space, the area between the dura (a membrane covering the brain and spinal cord) and the actual cord itself. Intralaminar ESIs require inserting the needle between the lamina, a small section of bone that covers the spinal cord, of two vertebrae. The medication enters the epidural space in the midline and from there is able to reach the nerve roots on either side of the spine.

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